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Types of Employment Available in the United States

Estimated Time to Completion: 

1 hour

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There are many different types of jobs available here in the US that can provide you with a sustainable income to support your family.

There are four types of employees:

1. Full-Time

  • Normally work 30-40 hours a week

  • If an employer has 50 or more full-time employees they are considered an Applicable Large Employer (ALE) and they must offer affordable health coverage to their employers

2. Part-Time

  • Employers who work fewer than 30 hours a week are part time

  • Typically part-time employees do not qualify for benefits

3. Seasonal

  • Employers might hire these workers during peak seasons (ie hire workers during Christmas)

  • Entitled to unemployment and Social Security benefits

4. Temporary

  • Employers might hire these workers for a set length of time or for a specific task or project

  • They are paid directly by the employer

  • Entitled to unemployment and Social Security benefits

There are 3 primary categories of employment:

Category 1: Entrepreneurship

  • Start your own business!

  • Did you know that refugees have a higher rate of entrepreneurship than other immigrants? 13% of refugees are business owners. Refugee-owned businesses generated $4.6 billion in income in 2015. (Source Immigration Forum)

  • If you don’t have a college degree, then starting your own business might be a great alternative to traditional employment.

  • Entrepreneurship can be a whole course in itself, but here is a little overview.

  • You can start an online business or a physical business.

  • Here is a 10 step guide to starting your own business

  • If you have art or sewing skills Etsy is a great website to sell your products! Stay tuned for our upcoming course in starting your own Etsy business

  • Don’t have the funding to start your own business. Use Kickstarter or GoFundMe to crowdfund money for your ideas

Category 2: Freelance Work

  • Have a skill and not having luck in the traditional job search? Become a freelancer on Upwork or Fiverr! Become your own boss, set your own hours and salary.

  • On these websites you can post your background and skills and your pay you are looking for. People on the platform will find you and request your services! Technology skills are extremely in-demand on these platforms.

Category 3: Traditional Full-Time Job Opportunities

  • This will be the focus of this course--finding permanent job opportunities at companies in your area



No project for this lesson!


In the next lesson, we will tell you everything you need to know about category 3 employment--how to find a full-time, paid job near you.

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